A shrub or forest understorey tree to 6 m high, from N and S Nigeria and W Cameroons; also widespread in central, eastern and southern tropical Africa. Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract was tested against a range of microorganisms using standard microbiological methods for antimicrobial. Media in category “Alchornea laxiflora”. This category contains only the following file. Alchornea laxiflora, gepersde blare,
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Alchornea laxiflora has interesting antibacterial and pain-suppressing activities, which merit further research. Medicinal plants have been in existence since creation and these plants synthesize a wide variety of phytochemicals which include alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, saponins, and phenols, which are all useful sources of medicine [ 1 ]. Among the Yorubas of Southwestern Nigeria, A. Kenya Literature Bureau, Nairobi, Kenya.
The susceptibilities of these pathogens to the leaf extract of A. Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract exhibited appreciable antibacterial and antifungal activities against the panel of bacteria and fungi used in this study. The dried leaves were milled into a fine powder and later stored in an air-tight bag until use. Alchornea is pantropical and comprises about 50 species, of which 6 occur in tropical Africa. BoxAH Wageningen, Netherlands. Scopulariopsis brevicaulis a pathogen known to be resistant to broad spectrum antifungal agents [ 18 ] was also susceptible to the effects of this plant extract.
The anti-oxidant activity of the root and leaf extracts have been compared with that of the standard anti-oxidant butylated hydroxyanisole.
These compounds showed significant antimicrobial activity against several gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and fungi. Determination of Antibiograms of A. There are 2 Wikipedia citations related to Alchornea laxiflora Benth. Alchornea laxiflora Syntype of Alchornea schlechteri Pax There are 47 book citations related to Alchornea laxiflora Benth. Alchornea laxiflora 2 Anthocyanins x – 24k – gif www. The method described by [ 14 ] was used to determine the MIC of the extract against the test isolates.
The minimum inhibitory concentrations as well as the minimum bactericidal concentrations were determined. View at Google Scholar G. Euphorbiaceae, subfamilies Phyllantoideae, Oldfieldioideae, Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae and Euphorbioideae, tribe Hippomaneae. The leaf extract has been reported to contain alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, carbohydrates, cardioactive glycosides steroids, phenols, and reducing sugars as phytochemicals resident in the plant.
Flavonoid one of the phytochemicals resident in A. Volume 9, part 4. Pseudomonas aeruginosa known to be resistant to many antibiotics was susceptible to the effect of the extract. Materials and Methods 2.
Alchornea laxiflora – Useful Tropical Plants
The MIC was taken as laxifllora lowest concentration that will prevent the growth of the test organisms. The phytochemical analyses of A. Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany.
Antioxidant properties of extracts from Alchornea laxiflora Benth Pax and Hoffman. Click on “show more” to view them. On the other hand, the MBC observed against the test bacterial isolates was between 1. The extract was able to inhibit the growth of these pathogenic dermatophytes which is an indication that extract from this plant is a good source of alvhornea compound that laxlflora be employed in pharmaceutical industries for the formulation of potent antifungal drugs.
The extract exhibited antibacterial and antifungal properties as shown in Tables 1 and 2. Infectious diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses are still in increase and they are still the major threat to public health.
In Tanzania the ground leaves are taken in water to treat hernia. Alchornea laxiflora Prelude Medicinal Plants Database x – k – jpg www. View at Google Scholar O. The leaf laaxiflora of the plant alchlrnea often used in folklore medicine as antimalarial [ 4 ]. This is an indication of broad spectrum activities exhibited by A. As far as we know, up to this point, Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract is a potent source of antibacterial and antifungal compound and compared favourably with the positive controls streptomycin-antibacterial and Nystatin-antifungal used alfhornea this study.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 74 3: The results obtained from this study thus support the use of Alchornea laxiflora in folklore remedies for the treatment of infections caused by microorganisms. Straight stems are used as fence poles. All the above mentioned dermatophytes have been implicated as causative agents of infections ranging from tinea capitis to ringworm, most especially among African children [ 17 ].
Small branches are used as chew sticks. The alchhornea effects of the leaf extract of A. The preliminary phytochemical screening of the extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, and reducing sugars as major phytoconstituents in the extract. The plates were left on the laboratory bench for 24 hours to observe their sterility. Citation in web searches.
Seeds ovoid to almost globose, c. The fungal spores were harvested after sporulation by pouring mixture of sterile glycerol and distilled water to laiflora surface of the plate and scraping the spores with sterile glass rod. Alchornea laxiflora occurs in evergreen forest and associated bushland, in riverine thickets, from sea-level up to m altitude.
The fungal isolates used were Aspergillus nigerAspergillus fumigatusAspergillus glaucusAspergillus flavusFusarium species, Penicillium expansumAlternaria species, Trichophyton interdigitaleTrichophyton mentagrophytesTrichophyton rubrumPenicillium camembertiTrichoderma species, Scopulariopsis brevicaulis laxifloga, Penicillium italicumCandida albicansand Candida pseudotropicalis.
The crude leaf extract of A.
Other pathogenic bacteria found to be inhibited by this extract include E. It is also a common ingredient in herbal antimalarial preparations.