plant perception (a.k.a. the Backster effect). Plants are living things with cellulose cell walls, lacking nervous or sensory organs. Animals do not. Grover Cleveland Backster Jr. could always spot a liar. When he publicized his findings, the so-called Backster effect became a pop-culture. The Spirit Science Source Field series begins here, as we dive into the field by exploring something called the backster effect! Cleve Backster was very.
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On a whim, Backster attached electrodes of a galvanometer to a nearby dracaena plant. The experimenters, who were in the room with the plant, posited that the vibrations of their actions or the room itself could have affected wffect polygraph.
Grover Cleveland “Cleve” Backster Jr.
Notify me of new comments via email. However, if one searches the literature of science, one searches in vain for support for the notion that plants are telepathic and feel emotions.
Defenders of the polygraph think that galvanic skin responses are related to anxiety, and therefore to truthfulness. Because a polygraph or ‘lie detector’ can measure electrical resistance, which would alter when the plant was watered, he attached a polygraph to one of the plant’s leaves. Science and the Paranormal: He was able to duplicate the Backster effect of using plants as transducers for backdter fields that the human mind releases, demonstrating that plants respond to thought.
Do Plants Have Feelings? In the s Cleve Backsteran interrogation specialist with the CIA, conducted research that led him to believe that plants can communicate with other lifeforms.
Backster had not used proper controls in doing his study. Anyway, he tells us that there was a problem with carrying out his plan: Caulfield, Christine Woodcock, John A.
He reasoned as follows: The tests bakster connecting plants to a polygraph galvanometer and employing actual and imagined harm upon the plants or upon others in the plants’ vicinity. Continuing to experiment, he discovered that the plants responded to his thoughts even when he was miles away. He noted that they have a kind of memory, reacting to someone who earlier had done harm to another plant nearby: Biologist Arthur Galston told St.
Plant perception (paranormal) – Wikipedia
Hubbard officially used the polygraph as an ” E-meter ” and backstr too, published plant communication experiments on tomato plants. Fighting Infections with Feces: I doubt that he threatened his human subjects. Backster’s claims effect refuted by Horowitz, Lewis, and Gasteiger and Kmetz Forensic Psychophysiology Using the Polygraph: C, and Gasteiger, E. Backster’s study of plants began in the s, and he reported observing that a polygraph instrument attached to a plant leaf registered a change in electrical resistance when the plant was harmed or even threatened with harm.
plant perception (a.k.a. the Backster effect)
Bird is the author of Modern Vegetable Gardening and Tompkins has several “secrets” books: The Limits of Plant Power. These researchers found that the cause of the polygraph contours could have been due to a number of factors, including static electricity, movement in the room, changes in humidity, etc.
As sweat increases, the resistance to electrical current decreases. When he arrived, he found that the plants had responded excitedly on the graph at the exact time he was communicating to them. They would tell a third party which runs indicated pretending and which runs indicated intending. Anyway, to return to the original experiment: There is no objective scientific evidence for the existence of such complex behaviour in plants.
It is no argument that humans use their senses to feel, think and act. Plants react to physical and chemical stimuli, but there is no justification for claiming that plants are aware of these reactions, that they are self-conscious or conscious beings.
He discovered that if he tore a leaf from one plant a second plant would respond, but only if he was paying attention to it. What is very curious is that after more than thirty years of experiments, there is still no evidence that Backster and his many supporters see the importance of using controls in their studies of alleged plant perception.
Clearly, Backster is a very curious individual. For whatever reason, it occurred to me that it would be interesting to see how long it took the water to get from the root area of this plant, all the way up this long trunk and out and down to the leaves. Backster’s true genius is exhibited in his final remark on the remarkable experiment: He claims, however, that while standing there some five feet from the plant the polygraph “went into a wild agitation.
Pickett, and David Johnson.
Cleve Backster – Wikipedia
While this research and subsequent book made a great splash in the media, it efficiently turned away scientists from the study of senses of plant biology as a sort of the unthinkable, taboo if you will. So that backstsr now knows it need not be alarmed. Skeptical Inquirer 2 2: