Edited by. John ffitch. Jean Piché. Peter Nix. Richard Boulanger. Rasmus Ekman. David Boothe. Kevin Conder. Steven Yi. Michael Gogins. Andrés Cabrera. The Canonical Csound Reference Manual. Next. The Canonical Csound Reference Manual. Frames Version. Version Barry Vercoe. MIT Media Lab. et. al. Public Csound. Reference Manual. CANONICAL VERSION by Barry Vercoe , Media Lab MIT. & contributors. Edited by John ffitch, Richard Boulanger.

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FLslidBnkGetHandle — gets the handle of last slider bank created. The morph is performed by linearly interpolating the parameter envelopes frequency, amplitude, and bandwidth, or noisiness of the bandwidth-enhanced partials according to control-rate frequency, amplitude, and bandwidth morphing functions.

Expression, by the performer, in realtime performance, is implemented as a neuro-muscular response and an interaction between the live performer and his or her instrument as the music is sounding. GEN34 — Generate composite waveforms by mixing simple sinusoids. Reference Orchestra Opcodes and Operators!

Playing a live instrument allows you to make a change instantaneously, and you can see, hear, feel, the result immediately. FLslidBnk2Set — modify the values of a slider bank. They easily allow for the implementation of expressivity. Decodes an ambisonic B format signal.

GEN51 — This subroutine fills a table with a fully customized micro-tuning scale, in the manner of Csound opcodes cpstuncpstuni and cpstmid.

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL

Versions used for this article were Csound 6. GEN28 — Reads a text file which contains a time-tagged trajectory. GEN04 — Generates a normalizing function. GEN12 — Generates the log of a modified Bessel function of the second kind. It is intended as an introduction-tutorial-reference hybrid, gathering together the most important information you will need to work with Csound in a variety of situations. The following references examples you can download for this article from the following link: GEN05 — Constructs functions from segments of exponential curves.

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BASICS provides a general introduction to key concepts about digital sound, vital to understanding how Csound deals with audio. JackoTransport — Control the Jack transport. FLxyin — Senses the mouse cursor position in a user-defined area inside an FLpanel. The feelings or urges of expression are combined with years of careful study and neuromuscular feedback to master the extent of expression possible on an instrument or voice. GEN11 — Generates an additive set of cosine partials.

GEN08 – Generate a piecewise cubic spline curve. This opcode will broadcast the midi events to all the machines involved in the remote concert. GEN16 – Creates a table from a starting value to an ending value. MixerGetLevel — Gets the level of a send to a buss. Introduction This article is about developing aspects of musical expression, utilizing a number of existing Csound opcodes. When learning Csound or any other programming languageyou may find it beneficial to type the examples out by hand as it will help you to memorise Csound’s syntax as well as how to use its opcodes.

FLslidBnkSet – modify the values of a slider bank. GEN25 — Construct functions from segments of exponential curves in breakpoint fashion. Sound Intensity Values D. MixerSetLevel – Sets canpnical level of a send to a buss.

GEN31 — Mixes any waveform specified in an existing table. GEN42 — Generates a random distribution of discrete ranges of values.

GENexp — Generate a table with values on the exp function. Outputs are returned in the argument. Sound Intensity Values C. MixerReceive MixerClear – Resets all channels of a buss to 0. Not sure right now where is refereence problem. You should refresh this page.

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A very simple vibrato, for example, is achieved by employing a low frequency oscillator at a given amplitude, and summing that with a nominal frequency. The morph is performed by linearly interpolating the parameter envelopes frequency, amplitude, and bandwidth, or noisiness of the bandwidth-enhanced partials according to control-rate frequency, amplitude, and bandwidth morphing functions. Tempo and rhythmic analysis are often used to measure expressivity in performance and to differentiate between peformances.

GEN33 – Generate composite waveforms by mixing simple sinusoids. ATSbufread — reads data from and ATS data file and stores it in an internal data table of frequency, amplitude pairs.

GEN02 — Transfers data from immediate pfields into a function table.

/chapter: How-To-Use-This-Manual / CSOUND

The level of detail with which the user is able to manipulate sound in Csound is a tribute to the application’s longevity and the willingness of opcode developers to continue to provide tools that are flexible under a wide range canonicla conditions for producing computer music. SoundFont2 File Format H. SoundFont2 File Format H. GEN23 — Reads numeric values from a text file.

GEN03 — Generates a stored function table by evaluating a polynomial. Opcode building Extending Csound by building your own custom expressive opcode can be done as a plugin library or in the manner of a new unit generator. GEN17 – Creates a step function from given x-y pairs. Csound Double bit vs.

GEN21 – Generates tables of different random distributions. JackoAudioOut — Sends an audio signal to a Jack port.