In January , British cryptographers deciphered a telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to. : El telegrama Zimmermann: % Customer Satisfaction Guaranteed. : El telegrama Zimmermann () and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
|Published (Last):||2 July 2009|
|PDF File Size:||11.16 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.94 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Retrieved 14 August The Germans assumed that the United States cable was secure and used it extensively.
El telegrama a México que definió la suerte de la Primera Guerra Mundial
However, once the Zimmermann note was public, Wilson called for arming the merchant ships, but anti-war elements in the United States Senate blocked telegeama proposal. This belief, which was not restricted to pacifist and pro-German lobbies, was promoted by German and Mexican diplomats and by some American newspapers, especially the Hearst press empire. But it has been established that only one method was used.
Bell was at first incredulous and thought it to be a forgery. Page then reported the story to President Woodrow Wilsonincluding telegrsma to be verified from telegraph company files in the United States. We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare.
The Japanese government later released a statement that Japan was not interested in changing sides and attacking America. The Life and Letters of Walter H. Woodrow Wilson and the Progressive Era, — Mexico and the United States, Volume 3. The Secret War in Mexico: The failure of United States troops to capture Pancho Villa in and the movement of President Carranza in favor of Germany emboldened the Te,egrama to send the Zimmermann note.
Privately, the British needed to give the Americans the cipher so that the United States government could verify the authenticity of the message te,egrama with their own commercial telegraphic records; however the Americans agreed to back the official cover story.
US Naval Institute Press. The Zimmermann Telegram was part of an effort carried out by teelegrama Germans to postpone the transportation of supplies and other war materials from the United States to the Allied Powers that were at war with Germany. The document is believed to be the actual telegram shown to the American ambassador in London in Campaigns for Progressivism and Peace: Any doubts as to the authenticity of the telegram were removed by Arthur Zimmermah himself.
H,” or at least involved with the interception, in his autobiography. Retrieved 27 July Gerard to accept it in coded form, and it was transmitted on 16 January Uncle Sam Wants You: H,” a British agent in Mexico, bribed an employee of the commercial telegraph company for a copy of the message.
Disclosure of the Telegram would sway public opinion in the United States against Germany, provided the Americans could be convinced it was genuine. Finally, since copies of the ciphertext would also have been deposited in the records of the American commercial telegraph company, the British had the ability to prove the authenticity of the message to the United States government.
Archived from the original PDF on September 2, Both cables passed through a relay station at Porthcurnonear Land’s Endthe westernmost tip of England. Singh, Simon 8 September At worst, the Germans might have realized that the code had been compromised, but weighed against the possibility of United States entry into the war, that was a risk worth taking.
Telegrama Zimmermann – Wikisource
A History Since Here the signals were boosted for the long trans-oceanic jump by radio. This section does not cite any sources. However, there was also a notable anti-British zmimerman in the United States, particularly among German- and Irish-Americans. The Growth of American Foreign Policy: The Oxford History of Mexico.
Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Carranza government was recognized de jure by the United States on 31 August as a direct consequence of the Zimmermann telegram, since recognition was necessary to ensure Mexican neutrality ttelegrama World War I. However, neither cable ran directly to the United States. During this period, Grey and cryptographer William Montgomery completed the decryption.
President Wilson agreed to this, in the belief that such cooperation would sustain continued good relations with Germany, and that more efficient German-American diplomacy could assist Wilson’s telgrama of a negotiated end to the war.
We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. Tslegrama released the text to the media on 28 February With the evidence the United States had been provided confidentially by the British, Wilson realized the message was genuine—but he could not make the evidence public without compromising the British codebreaking operation.
Articles needing additional references zjmmerman January All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Articles lacking in-text citations from July All articles lacking in-text citations Commons category link from Wikidata.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. Eckardt indignantly rejected these accusations, and the Foreign Office eventually declared the embassy exonerated. My Three Years in America. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zimmermann Telegram.