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He had failed to observe the Plan of Jalisco. Having completed the first of its duties by not compromising either in interior or exterior affairs anything that could prejudice the country’s independence or sovereignty, its territorial integrity or the rospect owed to the Constitution and the laws, the government would now work to obtain and consolidate all the benefits of peace.

When the French violated the solemn pact of Soledad, the Juarez epistolarko still expressed its policy as the application of its normal procedure in international relations — a precedent moderation, the abstention from all aggressive acts, and only then the preparation, if necessary, to repel force with force. In this context the notion of right existed only in correlation with that of duty.

Jorge L. Tamayo (Selections of Epistolario de Benito Juarez)

He claimed that Juarez had realized the triumph and equality of the people by emancipating them from the yoke of the privileged classes and had taken a giant step forward in the name of progress. The end of I saw the triumphal entry of the Liberal government into Mexico City, and one of its first public acts proclaimed anew the Reform Laws of Vera Cruz and the absolute necessity of free education. Having thus penetrated the outer defenses, the lights rippled over the mountains into the sleeping valleys of the mid-plateau.

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And as for the outrages committed against American citizens in Mexican territory, that was Just too much. After the bombshell of the Lev Lardo the Liberal split into two opposing factions quickened md sharpened.

He had destroyed individual liberties and attempted to establish a tyranny. In this way the big estates would degenerate into smaller properties.

Check our E-Bay Store. By Juarez had all but exhausted the educational possibilities in Oaxaca. Py the end of the split had widened into an open break.

It was much better, and much cheaper also, although no one voiced the latter sentiment, to reimburse them in the form of a small portion of the cultivated crops and a few yards of cotton or woolen cloth. For a short period in to he returned again to his native state to serve as its governor and to continue his campaign for reform.


It did not partake of an agrarian character either by Inspiration or by expressed ideology, even though some of the poorer classes fought the dictator, Santa Anna, under their village priests who probably would not have lent their support if the Plan expressed violent anti-clerical provisions.

In order to facilitate stability and free- dom, he decreed the separation of church and state, the nationalization of Church property, the elimination of the function of civil authority in the collection of clerical tithes, the formulation of civil and criminal codes, 10 3lbid. Mouse over to Zoom – Click to enlarge. If this treaty, which made Mexico a virtual protectorate of the United States, could be effected, might it not provide the United States with an opportunity to enjoy the fruits of annexation without its attendant responsibilities and avert the danger of introducing into its enlightened electorate the ignorant Mexican masses?

The Conservatives emphasized the safeguarding of property over the defense of principle.

The Church participation in the opening of the road to ifuatluco Roeder considered as a sign dd Juarez had broken through the Church’s isolation from civic service. Columbia University Press,II, In the beginning most of the friars strenuously opposed this arbitrary position of their colonial compatriots.

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In this task the wisdom and patriotism of the Oaxaqueno representatives could prepare the way in opposing the vested interests resisting the betterment of society. The Church now had the function of fostering both God’s kingdom and the aims of the state, which were often not totally in accord.

A constitution could not bo a neat little package copied almost, verbatim from epistilario land, for then it would neither relate to Mexico nor be able -“Andres Henestrosa, Textos polfticos de Benito Juarez Mexico: Acclamation rang through the Constitutional Convention. I also enclose the program I have published, in which other measures have been noted that are certain to improve the condition of this society.

In addition, he was handicapped by a lack of support from foreign powers. His arbitrary arrest, forced peregrination, and ultimate exile to Havana and New Orleans had an important effect on his political and social philosophy.

Catalog Record: Documentos, discursos y correspondencia | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Thus he castigated Maximilian’s adoption of the Reform Lairs a3 a sorry attempt to buy juarezz submission of the Mexican people. The pacification of the Mexican countryside was nowhere near completed. What did the term the pure moral of the Gospel signify? This is a truth confirmed by facts; there is no help but defense.


The government would not be vindictive as duty hung on the demands of justice. The following year he spoke of the necessity of direct election in a republican system. Discretion became the better part of valor, and the French withdrew inleaving Maximilian to his tragic fate. Both Presidents refused even to submit the treaties to Congress. Search the history of over billion web pages on epistolaroo Internet. More extensive work remained in order to make the Reform as perfect as possible.

Executive pacts pointing to solution of this problem would be reviewed in conformity with the Constitution by the Congress, which without doubt would care for the honor and decorum of the nation.

Epistolario de Benito Juarez

With the advent of Comoni’ort to the presidency, he returned home to once again take over the governorship of his native state and to secure the implementa- tion of the Ley Juarez. The reactionaries were complicating the conduct of foreign affairs. Please enter 5 or 9 numbers for the ZIP Code. This the Indians supplied. Learn More – opens in a new window or tab. The Indians, declared the Crown, were not to be regarded as slaves.

Most cordial ties continued to exist with the United States.

They developed the art of pottery and lived nenito harmony with each other. When this shall be manifested to me in a different sense, I shall be the first to acknowledge its sovereign deliberations.

In conjunction with the rest of the Oaxaca contingent he sponsored the redaction and approval of a law authorizing the government to mortgage a part of the wealth administered by the clergy to carry on the North American War, He also condemned the alcabalasor sales taxes, and denied the ability of juatez centralized government to effectively interpret and to remedy the needs of the people.

This situation badly needed corseting. And equally interesting here was the extra-legal way in which JuaVea operated— using the Constitution as an instrument rather than as an absolute. J But while impeding Juarez’s constructive programs, the opposition, nevertheless, took every opportunity to castigate Juarez for do-nothingness. Civil authority resided in social feeling and not in political forensic.