W. B. Gallie; IX.—Essentially Contested Concepts, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 56, Issue 1, 1 June , Pages – Conceptual confusion has long been a source of difficulty in the study of politics. W. B. Gallie’s analysis of ‘essentially contested concepts’, published in ‘W.B. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts’. Re-Reading of W.B. Gallie, ‘ Essentially Contested Concepts’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian.

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Essentially contested concepts involve widespread agreement on a concept e.

Constitutional Moments in Governing Science and Technology. Otherwise, the dispute probably centres on polysemy. Ehrenberg – – International Journal of Law in Context 7: This source might be “within the concept itself”, or “[within] some underlying non-conceptual disagreement between the contestants”. Gallie – – Philosophical Quarterly 6 The term essentially contested concepts gives coontested name to a problematic situation that many people recognize: Yet, to state that a concept is “contestable” is to “attribute some part of any contest to the concept”.

In an attempt to account for cases where disputants trace their individual notions back to entirely differentbut mutually compatible contsstedConnollyp.

McKnight – – Journal of Medical Ethics 29 4: Exploring what he considers to be the “crucial distinction” between the overall concept of “fairness” and some particular, and conhested conception of “fairness”, he asks us to imagine a group whose members share the view that certain acts are unfair. Rape as an Essentially Contested Concept. The Problem of Abortion: However, the members may still disagree over many of these “controversial cases”; and differences of this sort indicate that members haveor act uponentirely different theories of why and how each of the “standard cases” contwsted, in fact, genuine acts of “unfairness”.

IX.—Essentially Contested Concepts | Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society | Oxford Academic

Views Read Edit View history. In Gallie proposed a set of seven conditions for the existence of an essentially contested concept. And, although the notion could be misleadingly and evasively used to justify “agreeing to disagree”, [7] the term offers something more valuable:.

A Radical ViewMacmillan, London Clarke then drew attention to the substantial differences between the expressions “essentially contested” and “essentially contestable”, that were being extensively used within the literature as though they were interchangeable. Yet is also clear that “if the notion of logical justification can be applied only to such theses and arguments as can be presumed capable of gaining in the long run universal agreement, the disputes to which the uses of any essentially contested concept give rise are not genuine or rational disputes at all” [ clarification needed ] Gallie, a, p.


Art as an Essentially Contested Concept. He supposes that he has instructed his children not to treat others “unfairly” and asks us to recognize that, whilst he would have undoubtedly had particular “examples” of the sorts of conduct he was intending to discourage in mind at the time he spoke to his children, whatever it was that he meant when he issued such instructions was not confined to those “examples” alone, for two reasons:.

Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 14 1: Retrieved from ” https: John Kekes – – Philosophy and Rhetoric 10 2: Gallie speaks of how “This picture is painted in oils ” can be successfully contested if the work is actually painted in tempera ; [10] while “This picture is a work of art” may meet strong opposition due to disputes over what “work of art” denotes.

Jeremy Waldron ‘s research has revealed that Gallie’s notion has “run wild” in the law review literature over the ensuing 60 years and is now being used to denote something like “very hotly contested, with no resolution in sight”, [44] due to an entirely mistaken view [45] that the essential in Gallie’s term is an ” intensifier “, when, in fact, “[Gallie’s] term ‘essential’ refers to the location of the disagreement or indeterminacy; it is contestation at the core, not just at the borderlines or penumbra of a concept”.

An Interdisciplinary Journal of PhilosophyVol. He suggests three avenues whereby one might resolve such disputes:. Merrill – – Metaphilosophy 23 4: In a section of his article in The New York Review of BooksDworkin used the example of “fairness” to isolate and elaborate the difference between a concept suum cuique and its conception various instantiations, for example utilitarian ethics.

Although Gallie’s term is widely used to denote imprecise use of technical terminologyit has a far more specific application. From their work it is easy to ckncepts the issue as one of determining whether there is a single notion that has a number of different instantiations, or whether there is more than one notion, each of which is reflected in a different usage.

See McKnightp. Susanne Gibson – – Bioethics 18 3: Scholars such as H.

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This article has no associated abstract. It has been treated as an excuse in that, rather than acknowledge that the failure to reach agreement is due to such factors as imprecision, ignorance, or belligerence, instead theorists point to the terms and concepts under dispute and insist that they are always open to contest — that they are terms and concepts about which we can never expect to reach agreement.

A Nonevaluative ApproachRodopi, Amsterdam Concepts in aesthetics Concepts in the philosophy of language Philosophy of religion Rhetoric Social concepts. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts. Peter Ingram – – Philosophia 15 In other words, galloe is “to claim that some feature or property of the concept makes it polysemantic, and that the concept contains some internal conflict of ideas”; and it is this fact that provides the “essentially contested concept” with its inherent potential for “generating disputes”.

Sheila Jasanoff – – Science and Engineering Ethics 17 4: Added to PP index Total downloads 2, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 85 3, of 2, How can I increase my downloads? But once [we] let the truth out of the bag — i. Garver describes their use as follows: These features distinguish Gallie’s “essentially galle concepts” from others, “which can be shown, as a result of analysis or experiment, to be radically confused”; [20] or, as Gray [21] would have it, they are the features that relate to the task of distinguishing the “general words, which really denote an essentially contested concept” from those other “general words, whose uses conceal a diversity of distinguishable concepts”: And, because each considers that certain principles “[which] must be relied upon to show that a particular division or attribution is unfair” are far a more “fundamental” sort of principle than certain other principles, it can be said that members essdntially the group have different conceptions of “fairness”.

Essentially contested concept

Aprilpp. As a consequence, according to Dworkin, whenever an appeal is made to “fairness”, a moral issue is raised; and, whenever a conception of “fairness” is laid down, an attempt is being made to answer that moral issue. Find it on Scholar.