The Command of the Air is the greatest military treatise on air war ever written – a dogmatic manifesto promising victory through strategic. The Italian General Giulio Douhet reigns as one of the twentieth century’s foremost strategic air power theorists. As such scholars as Raymond Flugel have . Reprinted in by the Office of Air Force History. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data. Douhet, Giulio, The command of the air.
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World War II would prove many of his predictions to be wrong, particularly on the vulnerability of public morale to bombing. The Command of The Air p.
The Command of the Air by Giulio Douhet: Air power could break a people’s will by destroying a country’s “vital centers”. After an incident in which he ordered construction of Caproni bombers without authorization, he was exiled to the infantry. Assigned to the General Staff shortly after the beginning of the new century, Douhet published lectures on military mechanization. As the hours passed and night advanced, the fires would spread while the poison gas paralysed all life.
September 11 attacks, series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed in by 19 militants…. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. The only defense was a good offense.
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First would come explosions, then fires, then deadly gases floating on the surface and preventing any approach to the stricken area. Internet URLs are the best. The British developed an early warning system linked with a command-and-control network that allowed their fighters to intercept bomber squadrons. The Aerial Battle pp.
Posted by Military History Monthly. Aircraft could go anywhere within their radius of action, flying over enemy lines to bomb industry, infrastructure, and workforces.
Help us improve this article! The Independent Air Force pp. Except for a few months as the head of aviation in Mussolini’s government inDouhet spent much of the rest of his life theorizing about the impact of military air power. Air force, military organization of a nation that is primarily responsible for the conduct of air warfare. Heavy losses forced the Germans to switch to night bombing.
The air force has the missions of gaining control of the air, supporting surface forces as by bombing and strafingand accomplishing strategic-bombing objectives. Additionally, the numbers of guns needed to cover every potential target made this form of defence enormously expensive. The Organization of Aerial Warfare pp.
On a tactical level he advocated using three types of bombs in quick succession; explosives to destroy the target, incendiaries to ignite the damaged structures, and poison gas to keep firefighters and rescue crews away. In his book Douhet argued that air power was revolutionary because it operated in the third dimension.
A decisive victory here would hasten the end of the war.
Outside Italy, Douhet’s reception was mixed. His severe criticism of the conduct of the war resulted in his court-martial, imprisonment, and retirement.
Then, indeed, the bomber got through.
Rome, historic city and capital of Roma provincia provinceof Lazio regione regionand of the country of Italy. Keep Exploring Britannica September 11 attacks.
If the defence has proved more innovative and resilient than Douhet envisaged, the biulio is real enough, and millions have indeed perished since in the holocausts of aerial destruction predicted in The Command of the Air.
Operations of June 17 pp. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
Douhet died in in RomeItaly. However, subsequent conflicts would largely discredit Douhet’s theory. The strategoi were mainly military leaders with…. Strategy in the age of total war.
Contact our editors with your feedback. The Moral Preparation p. The same year he completed a hugely influential treatise on strategic bombing titled The Command of the Air Il dominio dell’aria and retired from military service soon after.
Douhet’s theories about forcing the population to start a revolution, when subjected to practical application, were shown to be ineffective. In many cases, he had hugely exaggerated the effects of bombing. Navies were restricted to the sea and slowed by the heavy medium of water.
The Command of the Air by Giulio Douhet : a Military Times Classic – Military History Monthly
Giulo the igulio of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. He believed interception of these bombers was unlikely, but allowed for a force of escort aircraft to ward off interceptors. He was a key proponent of strategic bombing in aerial warfare.
His whole conception of air war rests on the assumption that the glulio will always get through, and that the damage it can then do will crush the resistance. The Intellectual Preparation pp. This emphasis on the strategic offensive would blind Douhet to the possibilities of air defense or tactical support of armies. In some respects this was a mere extension of the idea that in total war the strategic….