In , the psychiatrist Charles K. Hofling conducted a field experiment on obedience in the nurse-physician relationship. The aim of this. Hospital Under Beds, Hospital Over Beds, Eldercare or Hospice Facility Home > August – Volume – Issue 2 > AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN HOFLING CHARLES K. M.D.; BROTZMAN, EVELINE R.N, M.S.; Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer and Object Relationships in Early Memories: A Pilot Study. In the original Hofling hospital experiment (). A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse .

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August 31, at 2: The experimental protocol was explained to a group of twelve nurses and twenty-one nursing students, who were asked to predict how many nurses would give the drug to the patient; ten nurses and all the nursing students said they would not do it. In many ways Hofling was not ethnical. Possibly if any nurses became severely distressed the debrief should be given straight away to prevent mental harm to the participants. Also their identity was kept anonymous so this made it confidential.

None of the investigators, and only one experienced nurse who examined the protocol in advance, correctly guessed the experimental results. March Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Notify me of new comments via email. It may also cause distress to patients within hospital whom are taking certain medicine. This is because the experiment in is mostly unethical as it is misleading to the nurses because they have not given informed consent or information that they could withdraw from the investigation if they wanted to.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here I believe that a researcher should be on hand immediately after the experiment to expriment the nurse as distress may not shown on camera.


Hofling hospital experiment – WikiVisually

If the nurses do give the medicine, they could then doubt their skills of being a nurse and have mental issues within them selves from then on about giving out hosppital. The researcher playing Doctor Smith used a written script to standardise the conversation and all conversations were recorded. The researchers benefit from not informing the nurses by stopping them nurses behaving differently when observed, such as rethinking their actions and treating patients differently which would make the results inaccurate.

Further more the patients were not told either that they were in an experiment and if at the time they realised they had been given an overdose this would have also caused them distress as well. All nurses identities were kept confidential in the study and no-one was named, however the nurses were denied Withdrawal from an investigation as they hospihal no i dea they were being monitored. Even when the victim- in this case a lady called Tessie Hutchinson- is getting killed she feels that her selection was unfair, but does not question ecperiment ritual itself.

The confidentiality of nurses is also kept making the experiment more ethical aswell. hosital

hofling hospital

If the nurses were told about the experiment before it was undertaken they would not have acted their normal selves and probably would have reacted differently. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, however, this can be rectified later. Unsourced material may be challenged holing removed. A bottle labelled “Astroten” had been placed in hopital drug cabinet, but there was no drug of that name on the approved list.

Straight after that hospita researcher was on hand to debrief the nurse within half an hour hspital make sure the nurses understand what they researching and why. Those involved in the experiment were never named; which is ethical because it matches with the confidentiality area of the guidelines.


The issue with the field experiment is that it does not follow the ethical guidelines very much. In spite of official guidelines forbidding administration in such circumstances, Hofling found that 21 out of the 22 nurses would have given the patient an overdose of medicine.

The participants were not aware of their right to leave the study, which is seen as unethical, but multiple scenarios would end the experiment, including the nurse seeking advice or becoming upset. The nurses involved in the field experiment did not give informed consent to be part of the experiment which automatically leads to deception of the participants which could be considered unethical when in a place such as a hospital where workers would already be in a stressful environment in the modern day.

Firstly, in does not give informed consent to the nurses. Smith, who asked them to administer the drug and said that he hofllng write up the paperwork as soon as he got to the hospital. They don’t know the doctor They don’t know the drug The requested dose is greater than the labelled maximum dose Paperwork was not provided Nonetheless, 21 of 22 nurses complied.

I would let someone carry out this experiment today as I believe that it meets enough of the ethical guidelines to be accepted. From birth we are used to taking orders from teachers, parents, elders, bosses etc.

The participants were wrongly informed for the purpose of the investigation however when a nurse became upset the experiment ended, implying Hofling aimed for them to be deceived as little as possible by avoiding any potential distress.