Life. Saʿd ibn Manṣūr ibn Saʿd ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Hibat Allāh Ibn Kammūna al- Baghdādī was a Jewish philosopher who presumably held an administrative. Physician and man of letters, Ibn Kammuna left a number of writings on philosophy and religion. His treatise comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam caused. Critical Remarks by Najm al-Din al-Katibi on the Kitab al-Ma’alim. Together with the Commentaries by Izz al-Dawla ibn Kammuna. by Sabine Schmidtke.

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The treatise on the two major trends within Judaism in his day is considerably shorter.

University of North Carolina. For a preliminary study, see Langemann ; the titles of this book are discussed in the final sections below.

His commentary on al-Suhrawardi’s Talwihatthe major text of Islamic Illuminationist philosophy remains one of the clearest and most thorough expositions of that branch of thought. His treatise comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam caused ksmmuna rioting in Baghdad, forcing him to flee that city in secret.

The next next three sections examine the most important prophetic traditions: For one matter, even in cases where hads is invoked, we rarely if ever can determine just kammina the syllogism is for which hads has revealed the middle term. In his copious writings he takes up the entire gamut of philosophical issues discussed by kammuma contemporaries. Although it kammmuna repeatedly invoked as the source for scientific knowledge, hads is not a tool of scientific inquiry, but rather a way of explaining, post factohow a thinker hit upon the solution to a difficult problem.

Animals other than man have a rational soul; this ties in to the question of metemsomatosis. Earlier editions must not be dismissed as worthless unless one can provide examples to prove such an extreme claim. Ibn Kammuna for Encyclopedia of Islam, 3rd edition, final version. It seems to have played no small role in the development the ‘illuminationist’ ishraqi school of philosophy.

Ibn Kammuna

His impact on Jewish thought was minimal at best. Two applications in particular must be singled out. His philosophy belongs to the elaboration, refinement, and defense of the Avicennian tradition, led in his day by Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, with whom he corresponded.

Remember me on this computer. The prophet does have an important role to play in organizing and ordering society. Submitted version before peer review of a translation and analysis of a short essay by Ibn Kammuna.


Click here to sign up. It gives considerably more space to criticism of the sacred scriptures of the two ‘daughter religions’ than to the Torah, and it dwells on sectarian and other internal differences in Christianity and Islam but not in Judaism – although elsewhere Ibn Kammuna wrote an entire treatise on the differences between Rabbanites and Karaites.

Ibn Kammuna has clearly mastered both idioms.

Ibn Kammuna (d. ) – Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Ibn Kammuna perhaps hoped that philosophical commitments shared by readers from the different faiths, and the unique political situation – the rulers were pagan Mongols bearing allegiance to none of the three faiths – would allow a calm examination of the scriptures sacred to each.

He concludes that we are still in need of a reliable edition. However, at the high end of the spectrum, there exists a human soul whose cognitive ability is for all practical purposes unlimited. Several editions have appeared and are discussed in the last section of this entry. On the other hand, his attraction to Sufi-style piety does not betray any influences of earlier Jewish ventures in the same direction, notably by the descendants of Maimonides.

Views Read Edit View history. In the intervening years, not a few editions of writings by Ibn Kammuna have appeared. But did he remain Jewish until his death? On the Knowledge of the Celestial Bodies: The great bibliographer Moritz Steinschneider opined that Ibn Kammuna in fact converted; his arguments were countered by some of the great pioneers of Judaeo-Arabic studies, notably D. This approach is totally at odds with the Aristotelianism that, in all of its flavors, was the foundation of Islamic philosophies.

In part this is a supercommentary, that is, a response to an earlier set of glosses prepared by his contemporary, Najm al-Din al-Katibi al-Qazwini d. We shall offer some suggestions towards contextualization, which are necessarily tentative and preliminary.

Skip to main content. The latest studies on Ibn Kammuna have focused mainly on his psychology; his writings and doctrines in that field will be discussed below.

On the other hand, he evidently accepted some of the criticisms leveled at Avicenna by Abu-l-Barakat al-Baghdadi and Fakhr al-Din al-Razi. His comparative treatise on the kammnua monotheistic religions ChristianityJudaism and Islamtitled Examination kammmuna the Three Faiths challenged the legitimacy of Islam where he reasoned that incompatibility of sharia with the principles of justice undercuts Muhammad’s claims of being a perfect man and stated that people convert to Islam from ulterior motives.

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Academic Tools How to cite this entry. In this paper, I present an annotated translation of the second of the five chapters that make up that section of the treatise. In general, the conception of the deity is informed more by His goodness and bounty than it is by His power and judgment. Those who did not receive the gift of hads at birth can get a taste of the divine if they cultivate the Sufi methods of isolation, mediation, music and prayer.

It will become clear that in this context, kammmuna is a sui generis state, which, on the epistemological scale, falls between the discursive reasoning of very bright individuals and the gift of prophecy.

Ibn Kammuna (d. 1284)

Corbin noted the value of its exposition as well as its critical importance for establishing the text of the Talwihat. Some bibliographies are not going to be represented correctly or fully up to date. Yet in the pietistic writings, where one would expect to find the usual Sufi term, dhawq is not employed.

But from among the souls that do not attain this by means of their innate disposition, kaammuna do [manage to] acquire it, whereas others are not able to acquire anything at all.

Rather, akmmuna is self-knowledge: Hads indicates to astronomers, even where logical necessity does not, that the planets require more than one orb in order to complete their motions [ed. On the whole, Ibn Kammuna downplays the political function of prophecy. But is this the way his writings present themselves to the reader who is innocent of academic scholarship?

In practice, though, it had much wider application and less precise definition. Both the philosophical foundations underpinnings concepts kammuja the deity and of humanity as well as the moral values and spiritual exercises, were carefully crafted so as to be acceptable to all monotheists.