Must-Read: Juan Linz’s “The Perils of Presidentialism” is a rather good analysis of Richard Nixon and his situation, but a rather bad analysis of. Juan Linz and Presidentialism. The recent debate over the merits of presidential democracy was sparked by Juan Linz’s essay “Presidential or Parliamentary. Linz’s analysis focuses on the structural problems of presidentialism. Unlike Shugart/Carey (), Linz does not differentiate among different.

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And these charges are in themselves fairly spurious: And Greeks should congratulate themselves for having a president who is not directly elected; given the country’s terrible economic conditions, direct elections for a Greek head of state would have resulted in the rise of an extremist populist, precisely what is happening in another European country, Austria. Please report inappropriate ads.

In the meantime, you can use these summaries to benefit from the efforts of a previous generation of doctoral students. In short, Brazil’s first woman president lost office as a result of political manoeuvring, one made worse by a faulty constitutional system.

When I was in graduate school several years ago, my friends and I would routinely share our reading notes with one another. The current Brazilian arrangement is a US-like presidency on steroids.

The perils of ‘presidentialism’

Ms Rousseff was impeached and suspended from office by the Brazilian Congress. We do not endorse services that facilitate plagiarism.

Sadly, however, that’s the exception rather than the rule, for the reality is that in many other Latin American countries, the clash over “hyper-presidentialism”, between all-powerful presidents and resentful Parliaments, is endemic. Countries which elect their presidents indirectly through Parliament are not immune to problems: The person is not only head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, but also appoints all Cabinet ministers and can even issue laws.

Still, just the question of electing a ceremonial head of state by a popular vote creates its own difficulties.

Enter your search terms Submit search form. Still, Professor Detlief Nolte and Dr Mariana Llanos, the authors presidentialixm the study, are right to point out that what happens in Latin America now is “relevant to policymakers and scholars beyond this region”. But unlike the US, where Congress has always been dominated presidentialismm only two parties, the Brazilian Congress is home to over 30 parties, with none of the US traditions of mediating disputes between Parliament and head of state.


King Felipe VI is the only man with the legitimacy to keep Spain on a steady course, as the country staggered on without a government over the past six months, and now faces fresh elections. One would have thought that a country which has experienced six Constitutions and three military coups in one century would be extra careful about distributing political power, but Brazil’s current Constitution gives the nation’s president huge prerogatives: Two out of the 11 presidents chosen by the German Parliament since World War II had to resign from office because their conduct was called into question.

Ms Rousseff has been found guilty presidetialism no crime; her suspension merely allows legislators to evaluate charges against her. The saddest current example of a similar clash between Parliament and a directly elected president is, of course, Venezuela.

The perils of ‘presidentialism’, Opinion News & Top Stories – The Straits Times

Initially, the site was an editable wiki like Wikipedia. Italian President Giorgio Napolitano, aged 90 and chosen only by Parliament, proved to be presidentoalism only person with sufficient authority to manage his country’s domestic political meltdown presiddntialism the past few years. She is accused of “manipulating” national accounts, allegedly in order to mask the country’s true economic conditions.

Although he recognizes that not all of the problems he identifies apply to every presidential regime, he leaves an opening for attacking his argument by not differentiating more clearly among different sub-types. We have been experiencing some problems with subscriber log-ins and perilss for the inconvenience caused. True, he does speak of problems inherent to presidentialism generally, as well as problems typical of specific presidential arrangements–like premier-presidentialism or hybrid regimes–but he generalizes the problems of each of these sub-types of presidentialism to presidentialism generally.

It was then that Professor Juan Linz, a distinguished Latin American expert and political science academic at Yale University, wrote his seminal works, warnings against “the perils of presidentialism”. And that’s a condition which exists in other countries as well, giving rise to constitutional difficulties which can presidentixlism dormant for decades, until they suddenly erupt, paralysing the life of nations.


Still, her defiance came to nothing: A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on May 23,with the lf ‘The perils of ‘presidentialism”. Skip to main content. Linz’s analysis focuses on the structural problems of presidentialism. The result is utter chaos and a constitutional disintegration, which ultimately seems likely to be resolved only by a revolution or a coup, and neither is likely presidehtialism be bloodless.

Nor are those about to judge her morally qualified: So they are tempted instead to pledge things over which they have no responsibility, such as promising to “improve the economy”, something which they can’t deliver. And in other European countries such as Poland, or the Czech Republic which only recently introduced direct elections for its presidency, frequent clashes between governments and presidents are the staple fare for all politicians, and take more time than debating new legislation.

Prof Linz cautioned Latin America against ignoring this model and going presideentialism for a directly elected powerful presidency, because he believed that this would generate trouble with Parliaments, which will be competing for the same popular legitimacy. It is now a static website. Johns Hopkins University Press.

And, far from being the most perfect example of democracy in action, ceremonial presidents who are directly elected are also less able to handle real national crises, in comparison with heads of state who may be indirectly elected, but who can tower over the rest through the sheer force of their exemplary personal conduct.

At least half of Brazil’s legislators are suspected of corruption. She forgot that, regardless of the direct electoral mandate she enjoyed, the Brazilian Congress possessed another power copied from the US – that of being able to impeach her, to remove her from office. Until we resolve the issues, subscribers need not log in to access ST Digital articles.

Ireland is such a case. But the Brazilian episode is of greater significance.